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微软刚刚发布了移动平台的二合一产品,目标人群多为想要比Surface Pro系列更小巧、更加编便携的产品。这台Surface可能为目标人群设计了许多方面,但我们目前只关心一件事:它是否真的能满足你在外时的需求,还是说会被它过小的电池容量和易碎的屏幕所限制住?只有一种方式解决问题,准备好了吗?让我们进行拆解吧

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这个拆解是不是维修指南。 要维修你的的Microsoft Surface Go,请使用我们的维修手册

  1. 一如既往地,我们的拆解始于机器的规格数据 3:2比例,10英寸IPS屏幕,支持多点触控,分辨率1800X1200(217PPI)
    • 一如既往地,我们的拆解始于机器的规格数据

    • 3:2比例,10英寸IPS屏幕,支持多点触控,分辨率1800X1200(217PPI)

    • 双核1.6GHz英特尔®奔腾®金牌处理器 4415Y,带有英特尔 HD 615核芯显卡

    • 4GB内存(可选8GB版本)

    • 64GB eMMC存储(可选128GB NVMe SSD),支持MicroSDXC的外部存储

    • 8MP后置摄像头,支持1080P高清视频,前置5MP摄像头,支持1080P Skype高清视频

  2. 和Surface Pro系列对比,Go系列有着更平滑的曲线、更圆润的边缘以及iPad的美型。 Surface Go并不认可更少的接口便是丰富接口的趋势,这款平板带有一个USB-C接口,一个3.5mm耳机接口,一对Surface专用接口,以及一个MicroSDXC 读卡器 在我们寻找SD卡槽时,不小心唤醒了睡眠状态下的Go,可能其中安放了一个霍尔传感器,用以感应背部支架是否移动
    • 和Surface Pro系列对比,Go系列有着更平滑的曲线、更圆润的边缘以及iPad的美型。

    • Surface Go并不认可更少的接口便是丰富接口的趋势,这款平板带有一个USB-C接口,一个3.5mm耳机接口,一对Surface专用接口,以及一个MicroSDXC 读卡器

    • 在我们寻找SD卡槽时,不小心唤醒了睡眠状态下的Go,可能其中安放了一个霍尔传感器,用以感应背部支架是否移动

    • 在重新设计过的铰链之间,我们看到了FCC信息、机器型号(1824)以及内存和存储信息

    there are no magnetometers in the surface go…u probably pressed the power button when u tried opening the kickstand

    Johnny Chaw - 回复

  3. 拆解的方式不只有一种,我们的拆解方式需要一定的时间,所以先来看看我们的伙伴,来自Creative Electron的X光版本拆解吧。 最基础的英特尔处理器、两块电池、大量的电路板,但没有可见的热管!这看起来sueface最近一直坚持不用铜管散热。
    • 拆解的方式不只有一种,我们的拆解方式需要一定的时间,所以先来看看我们的伙伴,来自Creative Electron的X光版本拆解吧。

    • 最基础的英特尔处理器、两块电池、大量的电路板,但没有可见的热管!这看起来sueface最近一直坚持不用铜管散热。

    • 我们在与Surface相处的五年间学会了一件事,那就是如何拆开它。

    • 我们经常使用的iOpener对其进行加热,而后使用吸盘手柄撬片对粘合剂进行进攻,这阶段只需要一点点时间

    • 我们以前遇到了和以前一样的粘性胶水,但这台设备上用量更小,且更坚固的显示屏让拆解过程显得没那么可怕

    • 显示屏拆出,我们很高兴能看到微软让其配备如此长的排线。

    • 在不损坏排线的情况下,更长的排线让断开排线接口的工作更加简单,从而让显示屏拆除工作更加安全轻松。

  4. 屏幕移除前的最后一个障碍,EMI屏蔽罩,用于保护显示器的ZIF连接器。 随着屏幕的移除,我们注意到了屏幕底部边缘处,我们在下方发现了些许显示芯片:
    • 屏幕移除前的最后一个障碍,EMI屏蔽罩,用于保护显示器的ZIF连接器。

    • 随着屏幕的移除,我们注意到了屏幕底部边缘处,我们在下方发现了些许显示芯片:

    • 可能是MegaChips S15系列 LCD时序控制器

    • i7248 H717690

    • 18996MB N746547

    • KTH6212MAYS

    • 让我们十分惊奇的是,Surface Go上拥有一个可以在拆除屏幕后立刻断开的电池!这意味着无需完全拆除主板便可更换电池,这点无疑提升了可维修性。

    • 这···是真的吗?移除电池的过程让我们回想起过往糟糕的日子——两片巨大的粘合剂与我们的粘合剂去除剂和塑料卡进行着对抗。

    • 胶水黏合的电池会阻止用户轻易延长自己设备的寿命。在设备寿命终结时,还会增加回收处理成本。

    • Surface Go内的电池更加小巧,其提供着26.12 Wh能量,比以往任何一代Pro系列都更小,甚至同样大小的iPad 6都有32.9Wh电池组

    • 一颗德州仪器(Texas Instruments) BQ40Z50系列锂电池电池组管理器管理着这个电池模组

  5. 现在,注意力转向Wi-Fi天线,我们早已预料到撕开胶水拆除屏幕会对它们造成损坏。 将显示屏用胶水黏在Wi-Fi天线上让许多Surface Pro的维修造成严重破坏,在多数情况下,移除屏幕意味着天线损坏。 现在我们对其进行观察,细致地观察。
    • 现在,注意力转向Wi-Fi天线,我们早已预料到撕开胶水拆除屏幕会对它们造成损坏。

    • 将显示屏用胶水黏在Wi-Fi天线上让许多Surface Pro的维修造成严重破坏,在多数情况下,移除屏幕意味着天线损坏。

    • 现在我们对其进行观察,细致地观察。

    • 这些天线实际上很难观察,但看起来其并未损坏,这是我们拆解的第五代Surface Pro天线,你可以进行对比观察。

    • 这些天线绝对被重新设计过,或许这能减少一点让你烦恼到咬指甲的维修经历。

    • 我们在Surface的旅程,就算是到主板部分也并未有些许轻松。

    • 感谢这些主板并没有被胶水固定,但我们不得不从事着像是古墓发掘一样的工作,层层叠叠的屏蔽罩、胶带和隐藏的螺丝,我们为了拆除主板,必须要将其一一拆除。

    • 很幸运,我们有Manta螺丝刀套件,让我们可以完整的处理这些被我们发现的紧固件。

    • 最后我们拆除了阻挡着主板的最后一个限制,将其从金属和塑料组成的监狱中解放出来。

    • 即使我们已经把主板拆除,我们还在进行着挖掘工作,将屏蔽罩拆除、撕去贴纸,寻找被其埋藏着的芯片。

  6. 最后,我们辛苦劳作换来的成果 英特尔奔腾(Intel Pentium)4415Y 处理器
    • 最后,我们辛苦劳作换来的成果

    • 英特尔奔腾(Intel Pentium)4415Y 处理器

    • SK海力士(SK hynix)H26M74002HMR 64 GB eMMC5.1 NAND闪存

    • 两颗SK海力士(SK hynix)H9CCNNNBKTAL 16 Gb LPDDR3 SDRAM(总4GB)

    • 德州仪器(Texas Instruments)BQ25700A 电池升降压式充电控制单元

    • 安森美半导体(ON Semiconductor) NCP81216 相位控制器

    • 高通(Qualcomm)QCA6174A Wi-Fi/蓝牙 Soc

    • 谱瑞科技(Parade Technologies) PS87430(可能是USB host 开关)

    捷騰光電(Solteamopto Inc. ,) JSA-1138 環境光源感測器

    黃國瑞 - 回复

  7. 更多主板正面芯片清单: 高通(Qualcomm)QCA6174A Wi-Fi/蓝牙 Soc 联阳半导体(ITE Tech Inc.)IT8987 LPC 中线控制器
    • 更多主板正面芯片清单:

    • 高通(Qualcomm)QCA6174A Wi-Fi/蓝牙 Soc

    • 联阳半导体(ITE Tech Inc.)IT8987 LPC 中线控制器

    • 瑞昱(Realtek)ALC298 音频编解码器

    • 主板背面芯片

    • 恩智浦半导体(NXP) P3003

    • Atmel ATSAMD20E ARM 微控制器

  8. 所有的芯片,或者说这台Surface Go本身没有配备风扇或是热管,这种铜制薄屏蔽罩和一些导热膏为这台也许算是电脑的设备进行散热工作。(或许,你可以在冰箱里运行这台设备···) 和右侧我们在第五代Surface Pro上发现的铜制触手相比,Surface Go上的设计明显相当激进,希望对于Go上这颗不超频的CPU功耗来说已经足够使用了。 现在进行拆解的最后步骤,拆除支持Windows Hello的摄像头、前置5MP 摄像头和后置8MP 摄像头(背部带有LED指示灯),它们排列成一排。
    • 所有的芯片,或者说这台Surface Go本身没有配备风扇或是热管,这种铜制薄屏蔽罩和一些导热膏为这台也许算是电脑的设备进行散热工作。(或许,你可以在冰箱里运行这台设备···)

    • 和右侧我们在第五代Surface Pro上发现的铜制触手相比,Surface Go上的设计明显相当激进,希望对于Go上这颗不超频的CPU功耗来说已经足够使用了。

    • 现在进行拆解的最后步骤,拆除支持Windows Hello的摄像头、前置5MP 摄像头和后置8MP 摄像头(背部带有LED指示灯),它们排列成一排。

    • 最后,模块化的MicroSDXC读卡器和瑞昱(Realtek)5227S读卡器主控——这便是 理论上 可升级的存储空间。

    • 虽然这并非我们所期望的可升级性,但至少我们还有得选择。

  9. 以上便是这台Surface中的所有组件,感谢你的收看!
    • 以上便是这台Surface中的所有组件,感谢你的收看!

    • 同时感谢一直为我们提供X光照片的Creative Electron

  10. 最后的想法
    • 小巧的外形似乎让玻璃面板更易移除而非在拆解时碎裂,但其依旧难以拆解
    • 如果你将其设定为取代PC的产品,其极差的可升级性严重限制了设备的使用寿命。
    • 缺少模块化设计——尤其是极易损坏的接口,这使得维修变得更加昂贵。
    • 粘合剂固定着许多组件,包括屏幕与电池。
    • 任何部件的维修都必须拆下屏幕组件,而屏幕组件极易损坏且昂贵。
    可修复性评分
    1
    可修复性10分中得1分
    (10是最容易修复)

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Do you think the Surface go 128gb uses a different motherboard? This 64gb model has the eMMC ssd chip, but I don’t know if there are any pin compatible nvme ssd single-chips packages that feature the same pcb footprint and signaling as an eMMC part. I’m pretty sure an NVME ssd has to have a separate controller and nand at this point in time. I have not seen any one-chip packages yet. Even the new MacBook Pro 15" Touch Bar 2018 teardown revealed a multi-package configuration (controller + 2 nand packages) for the integrated nvme ssd. It doesn’t look like there’s room for a m.2 nvme drive in the surface go either, so I think the 128gb/256gb model uses a different motherboard. Let me know what you think! :D

Anthony Kouttron - 回复

I looked into mainboard’s picture and found many blank area on the top left. Probably it was designed for SSD and will be used on 128GB model. I don’t think Microsoft will spent too much money to design and manufacture another type of mainboard.

Huang Junjie -

I own this product and it is not that great. All you can do is search the internet and its so slow, my phone works faster! I had to re-install windows 10 Pro just to get some speed out of the unit that ships in windows 10 S mode, The S is for slow lol… The S is for secure and locked down to windows store apps, which is not much. You can opt out of S-Mode but then you get windows 10 Home. you can not even CMD or run a simple bash command in S mode. Expect a ton of returns from uneducated general public. There is no fan, but there is no vent, the back becomes extremely hot. the 9 hour battery life must have been conduced by someone who does not know how to tell time or possibly the “watchman” cause I’ve had a number of test and im getting around 3 hours.

There is no reason for the 4GB 64GB $399 table to exist, Windows is around 30GB storage after all updates needed. Its a shame that truly for a okay slow Surface is $760 with a keyboard after tax for the 8GB configuration.

My keyboard stopped working, it bent.

Jimmy Schaefer - 回复

I agree that on Windows 10, as with all reviewers, this product is pretty much useless. That said, for me, it is incredibly useful only because, as a few other people have done, I wiped the drive of Windows and installed Linux (Ubuntu). This gets around all of the performance issues and it works great for general programming tasks and even low-end gaming.

sitt.evan -

I agree I would really like to see what the SSD motherboard looks like, I imagine that the SSD is still soldered to the board, but I wonder what controller it uses.

William Young - 回复

Why is the logic board so large? For such a simple machine, this logic board is far too large. Compare to the MacBook 12, or even the Surface Pro logic board they have beside it. Above and to the left of the CPU are vacant pads for several large BGA chips-this is far too much space for a LTE modem or a PCIe SSD as found on the higher end models. I wonder what Microsoft has planned.

pavloscraig - 回复

I would imagine that the empty solder pads are for the optional NAND SSD and controller.

Al2Me6 -

Fantastic device! Of course, the Apple sheeple will hate on it automatically, hence some of the comments above. It’s an amazing, low cost, portable, full-fledged PC that you can take anywhere. This is coming from a 20+ yr Mac user, as well (I use both Macs and PC’s and know them well.) Def get the 8 gb configuration. I’ve been using mine nonstop for 2 days and it’s not slow at all. I’m getting around 7-8 hrs battery life (the device also fast charges fully within an hour via surface connect), screen brightness on medium. Keyboard is strong, keys have TRAVEL (something Macs don’t have anymore) and it’s sturdy and premium quality. (Go check one out at your local MS store or a Best Buy before buying.) Reparability is non existent these days, so a 1 or a 0 is fine with me. What did the last gen MacBook Pros get, a 1 or 2 as well? I generally (like everyone else I know) tend to upgrade their devices 2-3 few years, anyhow. The Surface Go is perfect for me. Thanks for the tear down!

Rob Thomas - 回复

there’s no way this is better value then Samsungs windows tablets. For the same price you get a fast ssd, AMOLED display and a core M cpu. Plus it looks better and has a better battery life.

Arthur Dent -

Arthur Dent.. That’s your opinion, and thankfully, everyone’s got one. I’m very satisfied with my Surface Go. (I have a Surface Book 2 when I really need to do major productivity.) Samsung Windows tablets don’t have Surface Pen compatibility and I think this is a much better value, seeing as it works seamlessly with all my other Surface devices. This is just literally for ‘on the go’ and it’s an amazing device in my opinion. The Samsung Galaxy is $727.99 at WalMart, a little out of my price range for a secondary device, imho. I paid around $600 for my Surface Go with the Alcantara cobalt blue type cover, using one of my other Surface Pens and Mouse.

Rob Thomas -

And here’s my opinion. Every device needs some form of repair at some point to keep the price down of buying new hardware every 2 years. Who wants to spend $400-$600 every 2 years.

I work in a repair shop, and I stay away from all Surfaces now. I just had a customer call me 20 minutes ago asking if I repair Surface Go’s. I said “no, too much can break just opening them up”. After the call I researched what a “Surface Go” is. Now I’m glad I didn’t take on that challenge.

Repairability of 1? I’d never buy one, and I feel sorry for the suckers who have and end up with a broken one seeking for repairs. At least they don’t put the WiFi and Bluetooth antenna under the adhesive anymore.

Thomas Tommy -

iPad Pro 12.9” scored 3, iPad Pro 10.5" scored 2, iPad Pro 9.7" scored 2 even iPad Mini 4 scored 2…. why this is not al least 2 then?

Danny - 回复

because, it seems, iFixit is funded, run or somewhat biased towards Apple and its products, I’ve never seen a real teardown where Apple is treated like the rest it is alwys in the line “it uses mild adhesive for the sake of lines and design” or “look, is propietary but,, hey it’s apple” things like that

jorgehpm -

The Surface line is meant to be a personal computer, while iPads are mobile devices, so the comparison should really be Surface to MacBook, and those devices score very similarly. Apple notebooks are consistently at the [http://Apple does a pretty good job prioritizing screen and battery replacements in their tablets and phones, |bottom of our repairability lists]. Apple does a comparatively good job prioritizing screen and battery replacements in their tablets and phones, and our scores reflect that.

Sam Goldheart -

Apple devices should get higher scores because of the 3rd party parts that are widely available. With Apple you get your choice of vendors. Only issue with Apple parts is deciding which vendors to buy from.

anonymous 7224 -

Correction: the SKHynix H9CCNNNBKTAL RAM is LPDDR3, not LPDDR4.

Al2Me6 - 回复

“Microsoft Surface Go is a repairability nightmare … “, writes Brian Fagioli in Betanews.

The hardware creators are always balancing many competing & contradictory factors. Apple is THE most hostile, against the end-users, and against maintenance-repairs. IFIXIT is famous for explaining these criminal actions of Apple products.

I'm surprised that it has the lowest repair-ability rating.

> "Surface Go has an immediately disconnectable battery!”

Rechargable batteries are not yet designed to last beyond a few years.

> "Thankfully there's no glue here”

There have always been alternatives to most forms of "glue" (plastic-melding, etc).

Buyers of these hardware items need to be able to instantly repair their products instantly the need to repair is needed. Users do not actually live inside the home of expert maintenance engineers, believe it or not. Often the "repair" might be just be to remove drops of water or other fluids.

Greg Zeng - 回复

We need to push for a law that ALL devices should be serviceable, and all batteries (and other toxic items) should be removable to be recycled; how hard could it be to have a removable back panel? I fear these will be going into landfill with their batteries inside in a few years.

Noel Dillabough - 回复

Buy products that have high repairablity scores and you reward those companies. Most consumers prefer cheap to better. Don’t drive up prices on cheap products because they don’t meet YOUR needs.

anonymous 7224 -

You negative “lifespan”, which has nothing to do with repair ability. A little journalistic integrity would go a long way here…

Scott Wilkins - 回复

The complete sentence reads, “If this is expected to replace a PC, the lack of upgradability will severely limit the device's lifespan.” Repairability and upgradability are both about the same thing: extending the device’s lifespan. Always has been.

Jeff Suovanen -

Some interesting engineering for the heat-pipes. They avoid the bottom left of the device, where most right-handed people would hold the device with their left hand. Cool. Literally.

Matthew Finger - 回复

You forgot to mention USB chips. Realtek RTS5452, USB controller i think, but didn’t find a datasheet for it. Parade technology USB host switch https://www.paradetech.com/products/ps87... this chip reveal docking capabilities of the tablet: USB 3.1 Gen 1 with data rate of 5Gbps, and VESA DisplayPort Alt Mode with data rates up to 5.4Gbps (HBR2).

favnir00 - 回复

I wish someone would invent a new way to put together these slate form devices to make them user repairable/upgradable.

Rowdy Bedsaul - 回复

A few companies actually do make pretty repairable tablets. Most notably, HP makes their tablets to be very serviceable, and have publicly-available service manuals. If you’d like to see our repair reviews of a variety of tablets, check out our tablet repairability page.

Adam O'Camb -

Anyone know where to buy a replacement screen from? Cant find them listed anywhere!

Jack Skinner - 回复

FYI, based on the Surface Go driver package’s contents, it looks like the Surface Go’s mysterious “NXP P3003” chip is actually a NXP PN578 or NXP PN577. The “Drivers/NFC” directory has a pair of .DAT files that look like they’re firmware and the INF references them with some handy comments.

HKR,FirmwareMap,"8",0x00020000,"%%SystemRoot%%\System32\NXPPN547FW.dat" ; HW version of PN547 is 8

HKR,FirmwareMap,"10",0x00020000,"%%SystemRoot%%\System32\NXPPN548FW.dat" ; HW version of PN548 is 10

In the firmware’s ACPI tables, the chip is referred to as “NXP3001” and it looks like other vendors that implement this same family of chips use identifiers like “NXP3003”, “NXP3001”, "P3003”, “P1001”, etc. Given that info, the “P3003” identifier could be related to this pattern, or it could just reflect packaging or deeper customization of the chip being used in Surface Go.

Hopefully this helps anyone else who lands here looking for details on Surface Go NFC.

fivesixzero - 回复

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