Controller Flex Boarden
Before delving into your Atari 5200, try our Atari 5200 Troubleshooting page to find a simple solution!
Background and Identification
The Atari 5200 (also called the Atari 5200 Super System) is a home video game console introduced in 1982 by Atari, Inc. The Atari 5200 was released as a higher-end complement for the Atari Video Computer System. When the Atari 5200 was launched, the Video Computer System was renamed the Atari 2600. The Atari 5200 was discontinued in 1984; over one million units were sold in the two years the 5200 was produced. Its predecessor, the Atari 2600, sold over 30 million units.
The 5200’s internal hardware is very similar to that of Atari’s 8-bit family, but the software is not directly compatible between the two systems. The Atari 5200 includes an analog joystick and a numeric keypad with start, pause, and reset buttons. The 5200’s joystick is a 360-degree non-centering joystick, while the Atari 2600’s joystick only offered control in eight directions. The 5200 also features four controller ports, where most other systems in 1982 included only one or two ports. It also includes the first automatic TV switch box which allowed users to automatically switch from the regular TV viewing to the game system signal when the Atari system was activated.
While in its prototyping stages, the Atari 5200 was called the “Atari Video System X — Advanced Video Computer System” and was codenamed “Pam,” supposedly after an Atari, Inc. employee. PAM might have actually stood for “Personal Arcade Machine.” Atari Video System X machines are identical to the Atari 5200 but are very rare.
- CPU: Custom MOS Technology 6502C @ 1.79 MHz (not a 65C02)
- Graphics chips: ANTIC and GTIA
- Support hardware: 3 custom VLSI chips
- Screen resolution: 14 modes: Six text modes (8×8, 4×8, and 8×10 character matrices supported), Eight graphics modes including 80 pixels per line (16 colors), 160 pixels per line (4 colors), 320 pixels per line (2 colors), variable height and width up to overscan 384×240 pixels
- Color palette: 128 (16 hues, 8 luma) or 256 (16 hues, 16 luma)
- Colors on screen: 2 (320 pixels per line) to 16 (80 pixels per line). up to 23 colors per line with player/missile and playfield priority control mixing. Register values can be changed at every scanline using ANTIC display list interrupts, allowing up to 256 (16 hues, 16 luma) to be displayed at once, with up to 16 per scanline.
- Sprites: 4 8-pixel wide sprites, 4 2-pixel wide sprites; the height of each is either 128 or 256 pixels; 1 color per sprite
- Scrolling: Coarse and fine scrolling horizontally and vertically. (Horizontal coarse scroll 4, 8, or 16-pixel/color clock increments, and vertically by mode line-height 2, 4, 8, or 16 scan lines.) (Or horizontal fine scroll 0 to 3, 7, or 15 single-pixel/color clock increments and then a 4, 8, or 16-pixel/color clock increment coarse scroll; and vertical fine scroll 0 to 1, 3, 7, or 15 scan line increments and then a 2, 4, 8, or 16 scans line increment coarse scroll),
- Sound: 4-channel PSG sound via POKEY sound chip, which also handles keyboard scanning, serial I/O, high resolution interrupt capable timers (single cycle-accurate), and random number generation.
- RAM: 16 KB
- 2 KB onboard BIOS for system startup and interrupt routing.
- 32 KB ROM window for standard game cartridges, expandable using bank switching techniques.
- Dimensions: 13" × 15" × 4.25"