你的设备游泳了。你该干什么? ¶ 

在任何电子设备被浸入或泼溅任何液体的情况下,在安全可行的情况下第一步就是将任何电源断开

  1. 首先注意你的个人安全!在将设备从家用电源或其他电源断开时要小心。如果你站在水里或穿着湿衣服,请在考虑救回泡水的电子设备之前远离潜在的安全隐患。
  2. 如果电子设备仍泡水,并且连接着外部电源,找到安全的方式来断开。如果可能的话,为电路找到断路器或开关,并关上。当你选择从仍然开着的外部电源上移除插座或电源适配器时要小心。
  3. 救回泡水的带电池的电子设备也有自身的危险。短路的电池可能带有火灾或/和化学危险。如果你看到或感到任何热量,烟雾,蒸汽,冒泡,膨胀或融化,请避免处理设备
  4. 如果设备仍然开机,请关机。
  5. 旋转并摇晃设备来让任何液体流出。
  6. 如果可能,移除电池。
  7. 如果可能,拆解设备来让任何残留液体晾干并开始清理内部元件。此条对于酸性液体,如果汁和碱性液体,如洗衣液尤其管用。
  8. 注意:米饭是不管用的!

清理电路板 ¶ 

  1. 完全拆解你的设备,移除线缆,打开接口,并移除防护板来清洁防护板下方。要清除任何主板的元器件周围或下方的液体,请将主板泡入充满异丙醇的合适大小的容器中。你可以使用蒸馏水和去离子水作为代替,但是会需要更长时间来晾干。避免使用有机溶剂,如酮和石脑油。
  2. 使用牙刷,小画刷或其他软刷来清洁主板上液体留下的痕迹。在你清洁时要特别注意,不要碰坏主板上的任何元件。对接线和排线的末端要尤其注意,避免表面的腐蚀。如果你有超声波清洁器,你可以清理牙刷够不到的地方(芯片下方),并更加彻底的清理可以够到的地方。
  3. 当主板清洁,并没有腐蚀的时候,你可以使用吹风机的冷风档吹干主板。同样,主板可以放置在台灯下缓慢晾干清洁用的液体。
  4. 当元件晾干时,再次检查线缆的尾端和连接器是否有腐蚀和残留。
  5. 使用新电池或你确定可以完美工作的电池。如果你的设备浸泡在水里,你有很大可能需要新电池。锂电和其他可充电电池不能很好抵抗泡水。再说一遍,任何冒泡,故障,融化或变色的迹象都证明电池完蛋了。回收电池:Dispose of it only at a battery recycling facility.
  6. 在你把设备组装好之后,对损坏的估量工作开始了。找找能够工作的部件,并一点一点的更换部件,不要一次全更换。小型的电子设备损坏顺序一般是:
    • 电池
    • 显示屏
    • 主板

常见液体的pH值 ¶ 

比7小的数是酸性溶液,比7大的数是碱性溶液。两种情况对电子元件都不好。知道液体的酸碱度可以告诉你损坏大小。

  • 纯水=7.0
  • 海水(盐水)=8.2左右
  • 常规泳池水=7.2-7.8

(Source)

  • 柠檬汁=2.3
  • 可乐=2.5-3.5
  • 果汁=3.5
  • 啤酒=4.0
  • 咖啡=5.0
  • 茶=5.5
  • 洗手液=9.0-10.0
  • 漂白剂=12.5
  • 其他饮料Other beverages

来源:Wikipedia维基百科http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PH

特别感谢这些译者︰

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57条评论

so what do i after the first step ... Beep accidently drip on computer screen only .. there is alot of water mark on screen .. computer is workin fine... computer is off right now! please help

Alba Ramirez - 回复

Alba this is the wrong area to post this. Please ask your question here: http://www.ifixit.com/Answers/

ABCellars -

*sorry Beer dripped inside computer monitor

Alba Ramirez - 回复

Special Note.

Pure water neutral pH = 7.0 You don't have too much of an issue here -- easy to clean

Blood = 7.4 This may be more of an issue. If it is a large amount and your blood please seek medical advice

Gastric Juice = 0.7 See Blood

Urine = 6.0 If it's yours you may have behavioral issues. If it isn't, do you really want to clean it??

Pancreatic Juice = 8.1 See Blood

Cerebrospinal Fluid = 7.3 Really see blood

Saliva = 7.0 Ex Sneeze, just wipe it off. If sufficient to cause electrical; issue then you have other problems

Wheat Beer = 3.3 - 3.7 Why are there 3 kinds of beer listed

Lager Beer = 4.4 - 4.7 Really Why

Unfermented Beer = 5.5 What about a nice red wine

Lemon juice = 2.3 No comment

Bleach = 12 to 12.6 At least it is not a bio hazard anymore (see Blood, Urine etc)

Sea water i.e. Saltwater = about 8.2 ;)

Bruce Kempe - 回复

Lmao ahahahaha

Ann nguyen -

You Sir just killed me. Might just never stop laughing XD

mexorsu -

Thank you, thank you, thank you and thank you!!!!!!!! I love "ifixit".

I had a macbook with water damage. So I open the macbook and diassemble all parts. Then I follow these instruction and clean the logic board with toothbrush and isopropanol. I even clean bottomside of the cpu and gpu with isopropanol and pressed-air. Before that I diassemble the head sink and after that I appy new thermal paste.

So I put all together and it WORKS!!!

fischel - 回复

Hi fischel, did you dissamble de heat sink before submerging the logic board ?

Maxime de Montaigu -

So pancreatic juice is a "common" fluid?? Not in my world; unless I am missing something.

Eric G - 回复

I have a MacBook Air that is still under warranty and it won't expire for 10 months and I think it has saliva in it. Should I take to the Apple Store?

Dylan Byrne - 回复

What do you say?Spit in a computer is quality problem?Apple will cost you much.

Zhang Boyang -

Why isn't coffee on the list? It has to be more common than a spill of pancreatic juice.

gwoodward78 - 回复

No kidding. What about wine?

erinljames -

Thanks for the guide! I have successfully brought several computers back to life using these instructions. I know that putting pouring distilled water on your electronics can seem counterintuitive but it helps rinse off all the gunk residue. Just make sure you dry it well (I put my motherboards in my garage in the summer for 24 hours). I've cleaned milk, water and beer spills so far.

graham - 回复

Totally water submerged?

Once the unit is away from its power source, way away, take it outside in a ventillated area and pour isopropyl alcohol through the device, letting it displace the water as much as humanly possible. If its a camera try not to overdo it as to screw up the optics, If the optics are already contaminated, the alcohol thing might help but you still need to get the optics serviced.

for non-optical, keep the alcohol rinse/flush going a couple times and let the device either sit out and dry, blow a fan through it, or do the rice trick. The objective is to remove the bad ionization and water from the device. Alcohol dries quickly and mixes with the water. It should leave it very dry inside. If its salty salty salt water, your gonna get limited use of the device after this procedure and it would be advised to get all data out of the device asap (say if its a phone). The ocean salt water will have already done damage and is nearly impossible if not totally impossible to recover from fully

edweibe - 回复

I I fix it! I poured tea over a mac book air and I thought I lost it forever.

So I opened the back and removed the battery and let it dry for a day. Than the next day I followed the instructions on your website and removed the logic board and cleaned it all with IPA and a toothbrush and cotton bud. When it was drying I had some silica gel bag that I kept on it to get all the moisture in the machine... Now it works fine. SO thanks!!

Keep all the silica gel bags you find in boxes and other places as one day they might come in handy!!!

attesro84 - 回复

Must the heat sinks be removed before soaking the board?

Ashley Jung - 回复

I have a Sony Xperia U which worked fine before I stepped into ocean with it in my pocket. It got switched off on its own at that moment. When I at last opened it by myself after 2-3 days of its exposure to sea water, I regretted not cleaning (using isopropanol as I know now) and drying the logic board within hours of its exposure when I observed that some smd components and EMI shields caught rust by that time because of which one very small smd resistor, in the attempt to clean the rust surrounding it that it caught, got chipped off. After that, I used hair blower in hot mode to dry off the board for long hours. After this much,the mobile stopped charging,for a while,using supplied charger(so I bought a cheap 'battery' charger to indirectly charge the battery).Interestingly,the mobile used to switch on(even with the res chipped off!)but yes,it used to take touch input intermittently even when I didn't provided any. power button acted as if pressed even when I didn't press it. Now its not switching on at all

Rishi Khanna - 回复

Continued...

Now, even with the res chipped off, the mobile, with battery connected, shows the SONY logo and then the blank screen after that (earlier, it used to show a charging battery) when I try to charge it using the supplied charger. So, now, I'm not able to switch on the phone at all using the power button but 'some' part of its electronics circuit appears to be intact as it shows SONY logo while charging it. It may be because that part of logic board is 'misbehaving' which takes input from power button or that the power button (mechanically) itself is not working as I don't hear the low tic-tic sound that usually comes when power or volume up-down or camera buttons are depressed, partially to fully.

Well, one thing that I learned from this episode is that one should not postpone the process of cleaning and then drying the electronics just after its exposure to any liquid.

P.S.: If anyone has any idea of what in the !&&* is happening with my phone, please reply.

Rishi Khanna - 回复

often these buttons don't need complete physical 0 ohm resistence like a switch. Instead they control a GPIO line with pullup/down resistors so they sometimes can be "pressed" by just touching the wire by a finger for example. In your case there appears to still be something making resistance low enough to press the button(s) - watter or other conductive material.

kexxxik -

My phone was in my pocket with a baby bottle, the bottle leaked in my pocket all over phone, it was working fine but now says no sim card and won't work, it onli works on wifi, I took it too thw shop where they took the sim out and told me it was wet inside and gave me a replacement sim, I've had it in a bag of rice for the past hour is there anything I can do as it's a brand new phone with no insurance plz help thanks

Laura - 回复

I just completed a complete tear down of a brand new MacBook Pro with water damage. I had VERY low expectations. I cleaned the logic board with alcohol and a clean brush - going over the obvious tarnishes a couple times until they were clean. I pulled the logic board and ram out and cleaned both sides. Put it all back together and Holy hole in a donut if fired back up. Un. Real. Thank you you beautiful ifixit people.

Erik Rubadeau - 回复

I'm not completely confident that I can successfully disassemble my iphone, can I just submerge the whole thing in the alcohol or will that mess up the battery and/or something else?

Sarah - 回复

Hi,

I followed your direction to the tee. It powers on and stays on until I turn it off. When I shut down my laptop, it does not power back on. Any help is greatly appreciated.

Jasmine

jazminevong - 回复

i was cleaning my wii's disc drive with felt with alcohol on it, you know to clean the lens reader, and when i plugged cables back in, wouldn't turn on!!! pls help me!!!!

Noah - 回复

umm what happens if an ipod is left out in the rain and has a cracked screen can some on lz help me

DEMONthehellwolf - 回复

plz can someone help me

DEMONthehellwolf - 回复

What about milk on a dj mixer

Stephanie Silva - 回复

great guide, only thing that I see could be an issue is under step 8. you guys mocked people using rice to dry out there phone in your video and know that it leaves starch in the devices. why would you not list silica gel? draws out the water in greater quantities and doesn't leave a residue inside the device.

iDoctor Cell Phone Repair - 回复

This is a wiki, and you're welcome to fix errors yourself. @jimfixer and @oldturkey03 have removed it.

Kyle Wiens -

Please help, some water got in the bottom of my tv screen and now the picture is faded, is there anything I can do

stevie - 回复

A toddler little people toy went in the pool! Regular water. No chlorine. I opened it up and tried changing the batteriee. Is it fried? I couldnt turn it off and didnt take out the batteries right away.

cathrousseau - 回复

what if the battery is non removable??

Scottie Mijjena - 回复

LOLmygosh! Blood, cerebrospinal fluid! What crime scene did people raid (or create)?I guess some people really want laptops.

cal grant - 回复

My kids spilt soup on the family TV remote. And now it's not responding. HELP!!!!

Nicole - 回复

I just opened my PS3 for multiple issues. When I got to the motherboard, I noticed what looks like Pepsi that dries long ago, to the point it is hard and not sticky at all. There is definitely some corrosion. In multiple places and crossing circuits.

I am going to clean it with alcohol. The spots where it corroded into circuit paths, worried me. Any suggestions to repair said paths?

Rs - 回复

Thanks ifixit, i would say that i spilled beer in my mac 12, after I passed your method it's working. You help me to save 850 Euro, the &&^&^$^ med store told me that you have to pay.

I recommend to others, don't be afraid you can repair these kind of problem.

Thanks a million with accurate steps

Nariman - 回复

A number less than 7 indicates an acid solution, while a number above 7 indicates an alkaline solution. - Can you please tell me some good Alkaline and Acid Solutions to use?? in each case

nicole33615 - 回复

I bought an inverter for my boat. The unopened box got splashed with sea water. NOT SUBMERGED. I removed the inverter (which was dry) and let it sit for a couple of days just in case. Upon installing, it works fine for 100w USB side but cuts out using 1000w side. No visible corrosion anywhere but I have not opened it up. Should I try a distilled water bath then alcohol bath to pull any salts? Suggestions before I crack it open? - thanks

Brian Sliker - 回复

I got rain in my drill, its wasnt plugged in, it was just sitting in the backyard , how to be sure its its ok, i just used a fan to dry it, but not sure for how long

peter_walter94 - 回复

My MacBook pro started acting strange last night after first spilling a small splash of miso soup and then trying to clean the keyboard with hand sanitizer.

When I woke up this morning the computer would not come on, I checked and it is fully charged.

The cursor was moving about on its own and when I tried to scroll down a page the computer would cause the page to quickly scroll up. Needless to say, my productivity was way down.

Question:. Does this sound like liquid damage or something else?

Chelley Hopson - 回复

Chelley: You probably need a new keyboard. Power button runs through the keyboard so if the liquid has shorted the keyboard the button won’t work.

Adam Baldwin -

What do I do if my remote took a swim in my juice

Lu Anmarie Ayson - 回复

I did all steps and the phone is on but sound very fuzzy no startup sound etc.

Masood - 回复

i did all steps to clear out and dry. still sound is not working proper very fuzzy sound at startup logo even ring tone is not clear

Masood - 回复

i dropped my tablet into water, and it won’t stop rebooting. I put it in rice and it’s drying at the moment. Is it still going to be okay if it won’t stop rebooting? it is doing the exact same thing as another tablet i broke a few years ago by dropping it into water

Cassie - 回复

i dropped my tablet into water and it will not stop rebooting, i have put it into rice and drying bags and it is drying at the moment. What do i do if i can’t turn it off? will it still be okay? is it still possible to save it?

Cassie - 回复

You saved me $1000 bucks! I spilled brandy in my Macbook Air. I followed the logic board removal instructions on another page on this site and then your instructions for cleanup. I did not know that you could soak whole circuit boards in alcohol, brush off the crud, let them dry, and reinstall them with great results. My laptop works perfectly now. Thanks so much!

Sharon - 回复

Crazy ex- boyfriend poured bleach into my Yamaha Motif 6 music production workstation keyboard. After discovering bleach dripping from the vents, I never turned it on and it stood untouched for over 3 years.  I replaced that machine, but I'm wondering. Did this caustic liquid evaporate or is it perhaps rusted inside? I'm not knowledgeable about this sort of thing, and Id like to ask, what will happen if I turn it on,  now? Is it best to take it apart first before I attempt to power up, or even let an authorized technician take a look and swallow the expense? Any suggestions based on this information would be great. There is not a lot of info out there about bleach inside the interior of electronics. I'm thinking about trading the keyboard for another piece of equipment

Liquid Woes - 回复

I had water get into the charging block for my phone. How do I get it out without breaking it? It's a USB-C charging block if anyone is wondering.

Logan Barnes - 回复

What will I do now that water enters into my sound system (DVD) and my ps2

FRANK WEALTH - 回复

I spilled refrigerator tap water on the left side of my Acer Chromebook 15, and no sounds come out of it when I watch videos, what’s wrong? How can it be fixed?

Brayden Childers - 回复

Thank you for the advice! My personal DVR remote accidentally fell into a bucket of water. Wasn't working at all. Thought I'd have to buy a new one. Followed as many of the steps as I could, although couldn't get it apart after removing the screw. Removed batteries, turned it face down and shook it to get water out, used cold setting on hair dryer, left it under a lamp. Within 24 hours, it was completely functional again! Thank you, thank you, thank you!

kmayemurph567 - 回复

I just hope my sleeplessness that is worry triggered over my juice splashed prepaid meter pin pad will subside using this method.

joshuabuoy - 回复

My IPhone 6s has been dropped in are pool but has also been sitting in a drawer for a year is there any possible way for fixing that?

Persons name - 回复

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