This is what the board looks like with the faulty condensers removed.
Here are the faulty condensers. Replace those with new ones. For this repair, new ones where obtained through Mouser..com.
CS19 = 220uF 35V CS20 = 220UF 25V CS21 = 1000uF 16V CS22 = 1000uF 16V CS23 = 1000uF 25V CS24 = 680uF 35V CS25 = 680uF 35V All are radial lead electrolytic capacitors.