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华为不断的推动着手机摄影技术的前沿,因此我们决定了解一下 P30 Pro。嘴上说是了解一下,我们的意思当然是拆开它。P 系列表现出一些奇怪的卡片机味道和一些 AI 驱动的功能。让我们把注意力移到拆解上来。

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这个拆解是不是维修指南。 要维修你的的Huawei P30 Pro,请使用我们的维修手册

  1. 让我们透过华为 P30 Pro 的玻璃看看参数: 6.47" OLED 屏幕配备 FHD+(2340 × 1080)分辨率 8 核华为麒麟(Kirin)980 处理器配备双神经网络处理单元和 Mali-G76 MP10 GPU
    • 让我们透过华为 P30 Pro 的玻璃看看参数:

    • 6.47" OLED 屏幕配备 FHD+(2340 × 1080)分辨率

    • 8 核华为麒麟(Kirin)980 处理器配备双神经网络处理单元和 Mali-G76 MP10 GPU

    • 6 GB RAM 和 128 GB 板载储存(可选 8 GB RAM 和最高 512 GB 储存)

    • Leica “四” 后置摄像头配备 40 MP 广角镜头(ƒ/1.6 配有 OIS)+ 20 MP 超广角镜头(ƒ/2.2)+ 8 MP 长焦镜头(ƒ/3.4 配有 OIS)+ 华为 TOF(time-of-flight)模块,还有 32 MP 前置相机(ƒ/2.0)

    • 全新的听筒扬声器技术叫“屏幕发声技术”和屏下指纹传感器

    • USB-C 充电接口(但是没有耳机接口)

    • IP68 级防水防尘

  2. 我们拿出了去年的 P20 Pro 放在华为最新的拍照神童旁边快速比较一下: P30 Pro(左边/底部)比起前一代长了 3 mm,薄了 0.61 mm还窄了一点(0.5 mm) 尽管 Home 键和听筒格栅消失在屏幕后面,P30 Pro 还是高了一些。
    • 我们拿出了去年的 P20 Pro 放在华为最新的拍照神童旁边快速比较一下:

    • P30 Pro(左边/底部)比起前一代长了 3 mm,薄了 0.61 mm还窄了一点(0.5 mm)

    • 尽管 Home 键和听筒格栅消失在屏幕后面,P30 Pro 还是高了一些。

    • 电源键和音量键依然在原位置。

    • 沿着手机底部的边缘,我们看到了 USB-C 接口还在,原本对称的扬声器孔被砍掉一组腾出位置给 SIM 卡槽。

    • 确保你把 SIM 卡针插进了正确的洞里……

    Wasn’t paying attention and i put the sim eject tool in the hole in the top right. Have i damaged my device? What is that hole for?

    just looking - 回复

    No worries. That’s a hole for the top microphone. And you did not damage that either since it is installed at an angle like the micrphone on the bottom (step 9). Everything should still work fine.

    Tobias Isakeit -

    Puse por error la llave de explulcio. En el orificio del micrófono.. Quiero saber si rompí algo internamente

    Roy Fajardo - 回复

    No se preocupe, colocar la llave SIM en el orificio del micrófono no dañará nada.

    Sandra Hiller -

    I hope X-ray picture for whole body would be showed if possible.

    Osamu Akaki - 回复

    • 拆解之初,我们发现背板与中框之间的缝隙非常之小,到了几乎看不到的程度。

    • 组装制造的公差越来越小,这使得拆解胶合组件变得更加困难。这是为了IP68付出的成本吗?

    • 加热背板,配合iSclack和撬片,我们处理掉了粘合背板的粘合剂。

    • 为了无线充电功能,这块背板也理所应当地由玻璃制成。

    • 我们用Mako螺丝刀套件中的PH十字螺丝刀扫武装自己。提前预告,直到拆解完成,我们都只需要这一把螺丝刀,我们为此感到愉悦。

    • 接下来拆出主板盖上的无线充电线圈,其集成了些许天线,以及一条奇怪的橙色排线连接着两个触点(我们并不太清楚这个触点的用处是什么)。

    • 这种线圈不但能向你的手机内充电,还能对你的鼠标、电动剃须刀抑或是电动牙刷进行充电,不开玩笑。

    • 看起来在2019年,反向无线充电技术成为了旗舰机的标配。

    橙色的排线是nfc,应该是吧

    vision - 回复

  3. 随着拆解进手机内部,我们现在直奔手机相机组件。首先拆出潜望式相机组件,其甚至可以支持到50倍的变焦功能。 这个设计可以不使相机凸出机身过多,其可以将光90度旋转导入机身,将组件平放于机身内,使用棱镜将光导至机内传感器。 不过这个组件并不会在1-5倍变焦区间内启用,只会在5倍变焦后的区间内使用。
    • 随着拆解进手机内部,我们现在直奔手机相机组件。首先拆出潜望式相机组件,其甚至可以支持到50倍的变焦功能。

    • 这个设计可以不使相机凸出机身过多,其可以将光90度旋转导入机身,将组件平放于机身内,使用棱镜将光导至机内传感器。

    • 不过这个组件并不会在1-5倍变焦区间内启用,只会在5倍变焦后的区间内使用。

    • P30 Pro有着5枚相机组件,左侧从上到下分别是20 MP的超广角相机,40 MP的广角相机及其旁TOF相机,8 MP长焦相机,以及右上角的前置32 MP相机。

    • 有趣的是,这个40 MP的相机传感器未采用RGGB(红/绿/绿/蓝)的拜尔滤色镜,转而采用RYYB(红/黄/黄/蓝)的排列组合,这种排列模式可以提升对光线的敏感程度,并有助于提高对比度,以弥补自P20 Pro开始取消的单色传感器带来的影响。

    What is the telephoto sensor? What's the size of the cmos?

    Fox Han - 回复

  4. 跳过升级

    通过使用多合一工具包维修可以节省成本。

    购买 iPhone 维修工具套装

    跳过升级

    通过使用多合一工具包维修可以节省成本。

    购买 iPhone 维修工具套装
  5. 相机部分的展示告一段落,让我们来深入了解下这块主板。 这块紧凑的主板是个多层堆叠的结构,除了多层堆叠PCB(最有可能)以外,这块主板实际上是两块PCB叠加在一起。为三维立体结构欢呼!
  6. 为了进一步深入,我们拆开了屏蔽罩,探寻内部的芯片: SK海力士(SKhynix) H9HKNNNFBMAU LPDDR4X其下方则为华为(Huawei)麒麟980处理器。
    • 为了进一步深入,我们拆开了屏蔽罩,探寻内部的芯片:

    • SK海力士(SKhynix) H9HKNNNFBMAU LPDDR4X其下方则为华为(Huawei)麒麟980处理器。

    • 镁光(Micron)JZ064 MTFC128GAOANAM-WT 128 GB闪存。

    • 海思半导体(HiSilicon)HI6405。

    • 海思半导体(HiSilicon)HI6363 GFCV100射频收发器。

    • Skyworks 78191-11 WCDMA/LTE前端模块

    • Qorvo 77031前端模块

  7. 这款手机没有传统的耳机听筒,这全靠华为的磁悬屏幕发声技术,这项技术有点类似震动扬声器。 其工作原籍基本和普通的扬声器类似。不同的是它并不通过振动薄膜发发声,而是通过振动一块坚硬的表面,将屏幕变成扬声器。 该模块由一个中间带有磁铁的线圈组成,并通过粘合与屏幕组成一个整体。
    • 这款手机没有传统的耳机听筒,这全靠华为的磁悬屏幕发声技术,这项技术有点类似震动扬声器

    • 其工作原籍基本和普通的扬声器类似。不同的是它并不通过振动薄膜发发声,而是通过振动一块坚硬的表面,将屏幕变成扬声器。

    • 该模块由一个中间带有磁铁的线圈组成,并通过粘合与屏幕组成一个整体。

    • 请勿将其与手机传统的振动器混淆,传统的振动器在其旁边。

  8. 在探寻指纹传感器的路上,我们先行拆除了USB-C接口,附带着一条长长的排线。 如果你选择无线充电方式来对手机进行充电,那这个接口的损耗程度应该会减少。依托其并非焊死在子板上的设计,即使损坏,也能简单地修复。 我们非常喜欢主要部件模块化设计(亦称MMCM)。这使得维修变得更加简单快速,只可惜三星S10系列把USB-C接口焊在了板上。
    • 在探寻指纹传感器的路上,我们先行拆除了USB-C接口,附带着一条长长的排线。

    • 如果你选择无线充电方式来对手机进行充电,那这个接口的损耗程度应该会减少。依托其并非焊死在子板上的设计,即使损坏,也能简单地修复。

    • 我们非常喜欢主要部件模块化设计(亦称MMCM)。这使得维修变得更加简单快速,只可惜三星S10系列把USB-C接口焊在了板上。

    • 同时,我们取出了传统的(非屏幕发声技术)扬声器模块。

  9. 我们终于拆出了位于手机底部边缘的指纹传感器模块,这个排布位置,多长的手指能舒服地解锁呢? 这个指纹传感器与一加6T、小米9、VIVO NEX S一样,使用的汇顶科技(Goodix)的GM185光学指纹传感器。 光学传感器?这不就意味着这台手机有着6个相机!
    • 我们终于拆出了位于手机底部边缘的指纹传感器模块,这个排布位置,多长的手指能舒服地解锁呢?

    • 这个指纹传感器与一加6T、小米9、VIVO NEX S一样,使用的汇顶科技(Goodix)的GM185光学指纹传感器。

    • 光学传感器?这不就意味着这台手机有着6个相机!

  10. 电池配备了易拉胶,而在Mate 20 Pro上我们也看见过了这项配置。 1号与2号标签用途不大(这两个标签并不是易拉胶),3号标签才是真正能拆出电池的标签。 这是块提供着16.04Wh能量的电池(4200mAh 3.82V),与Mate 20 Pro相当,并战胜了Galaxy S10+的15.79Wh和iPhone XS MAX的12.08Wh。
    • 电池配备了易拉胶,而在Mate 20 Pro上我们也看见过了这项配置。

    • 1号与2号标签用途不大(这两个标签并不是易拉胶),3号标签才是真正能拆出电池的标签。

    • 这是块提供着16.04Wh能量的电池(4200mAh 3.82V),与Mate 20 Pro相当,并战胜了Galaxy S10+的15.79Wh和iPhone XS MAX的12.08Wh。

    A board must be packed in battery pack. It is possible to be seen by just peel off the cover film near the terminal.

    Osamu Akaki - 回复

  11. 目光转向屏幕,我们发现屏幕发声组件的第二部分模块在屏幕的背面,为了看到全貌,我们正在同粘合剂抗争。 和背板的情况类似,这块屏幕与中框的缝隙是几乎不存在的。 屏幕与中框用着非常强力的粘合剂胶合,简直就像蜘蛛侠试图重组一艘损坏的船一般。
    • 目光转向屏幕,我们发现屏幕发声组件的第二部分模块在屏幕的背面,为了看到全貌,我们正在同粘合剂抗争。

    • 和背板的情况类似,这块屏幕与中框的缝隙是几乎不存在的。

    • 屏幕与中框用着非常强力的粘合剂胶合,简直就像蜘蛛侠试图重组一艘损坏的船一般

    • 我们现在面临的一个问题是:如果屏幕上半部分损坏,那屏幕发声技术发出的声音会不会出现失真?它还能正常工作吗?我们将会对其进行研究。

    After display replacement, ear speaker sound have distortion. Why?

    Svetoslav Spasov - 回复

  12. 完成P30 Pro的拆解,我们想讲讲些许重点。
    • 完成P30 Pro的拆解,我们想讲讲些许重点。

    • 强力的粘合剂胶合的设备、极度细小的缝隙以供拆解。

    • 机身内众多精密的光学设备,如潜望式摄像头以及屏下指纹传感器。

    • 一块大电池以及配套的易拉胶。

    • 一块长屏幕同胶合在其背面的屏幕发声组件。

    • 综合考虑全部因素,是时候得出它的分数了。

  13. 最后的想法
    • 单一规格的PH十字螺丝是我们所需要面对的唯一的螺丝。
    • 许多组件是模块化的,并可以独立更换,除了一部分屏幕发声组件。
    • 电池更换是可能的,不过你需要先面对一堆的粘合剂。
    • 正面与背面被强力粘合的面板意味着更高概率的损坏,同时更难对其进行维修。
    • 屏幕拆解需要对抗大量强力的粘合剂(背板、电池、屏幕)。
    可修复性评分
    4
    可修复性10分中得4分
    (10是最容易修复)

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And P30 please!

magnus - 回复

Tnx for disassembly explanation. What is under PCB stack?

Michel Markovski - 回复

Is there any chance you will do a overview of the front internals for a wallpaper? I along with other people would be thrilled to have it :)

Robert Louth - 回复

Hi Robert,

You can find the wallpaper here! Enjoy!

https://ifixit.org/blog/15777/huawei-p30...

Arthur Shi -

Orange flex looks like grounding flex. It would be nice to see what is other side of that part.

Tony Vahtera - 回复

I accidentally poked the sim tool in the microphone instead of the sim tray. It still works, but i’m worried i may have compromised the water resistance… Does anybody have an idea wether or not I did?

michaelcreutzburg - 回复

No worries, neither the microphone nor the rubber sealing can be damaged by inserting a SIM tool in the microphone hole.

Tobias Isakeit -

I installed a T-Max Huawei P30 Pro liquid screen protector. I never installed a liquid screen protector before. The kit seemed quite decent. After succesfully installing it, it says to rub off the excess glue with an alcohol wipe which I did. Had some extra glue on the edge of my phone left. The problem is that I noticed some black rubbery thing coming off as well. I think it's the adhesive of my phone. I had to cut it off with my scissors. Now it looks like this: https://imgur.com/49I3sNE

What's the chance that I ruined my P30 Pro's waterproofness?

MrDooMixy - 回复

Hi, kinda curious how so much alcohol got to the back to losen the adhesive there. This probably won’t affect the water/dust resistance in normal every day usage. According to Huawei’s footnote* to the IP68 rating I’d suggest to not submerge it anyway and avoid under water photography ;)

*HUAWEI P30 Pro is rated IP68 for splash, water, and dust resistance under IEC standard 60529 and was tested under controlled laboratory conditions. Splash, water, and dust resistance are not permanent conditions and resistance may decrease over time with normal use. Do not attempt to charge a wet HUAWEI P30 Pro. Warranty does not cover liquid damage.

https://consumer.huawei.com/en/phones/p3...

Tobias Isakeit -

Hi, im interested, how meny LTE antnna this phone have? By specifikation shuld be 4x4MiMO LTE. So is mean 4 LTE antennas? :)

negis02 - 回复

Hi

Like the comment of the person before me I am interested particularly in the antennas used. Do you have any more information from when you did the breakdown? I have been told by Huawei that a 4x4 MIMO is used but they couldn’t give me anymore information, manufacturer? part number specifics? Is the GPS antenna separate? If so what is it and where is it physically situated? This has been puzzling me for awhile now would really love anything you can add

Jenni Tomkinson - 回复

Which one is the graphene and vapor chamber? Can you show us? Thanks

Andi - 回复

if i buy all those part can i build this phone

ruquan li - 回复

Is there any heatpipe ? Like the one in mate 20x? Thanks

Andi - 回复

Yes, there is a vapor chamber between the display and the frame. See updated last picture of step 12, the vertical copper element.

Tobias Isakeit -

Philips screws should deserve a RED X. They suck. At this scale, torx is the only way to go. Stop promoting philips.

Blanka - 回复

I hear some rattle sound when shake my p30 pro. Comes near camera, top half of back.

Camera and everything works fine, is this normal?

Nimish Pathak - 回复

Is that screen construction is waterproof enough? My p30 pro is soak on 20cm water in 5 minutes before I know it that is phone is not waterproof anymore (since I bought it second hand.). I do first Aid for water damage phone using rice, Silica. The phone is normal. However After 3 days the screen phone is going glitch and greenish. I’ve done with disassembly phone. I need to know if there any moisture left in display amoled itself.

Ahmad Fadhil - 回复

Did U sell glue for device?

https://ibb.co/5kVpRRW

this glue?

yair - 回复

New batteries should already have those pull tabs pre-installed. If you want to fix your current battery you can use regular double-sided adhesive tape or those iPhone adhesive strips.

Tobias Isakeit -

What is in charge for wifi and Bluetooth? Is there a chip or antenna?

Reinhold Lange - 回复

my “movement sensor” is broken after my phone felt.. My compass, accelometer and gyroscope seem not working.. Are these all related? Where are they located? on the motherboard or can they be replaced? Thank you very much!

Irian I.J.E. Schropp - 回复

Is there any way you can fix a non displaying huawei p30 pro?

Mayeso Chirwa - 回复

Very useful. Great job! I need to know what i need to check if the device is showing -32C degrees and constantly pop up a message that the temp is low and might damage the phone and could switch off to prevent it.

I changed the display /new one was with frame/ and i had to move some pats to the new housing. Everything went ok despite the fact i damaged the orange cable from Step 4.

Could this be the problem or i should look somewhere else?

Plamen Valchev - 回复

What are black and white coaxial cables?

I cut white one during dissassembly but it seems 4G, Wi-Fi and even GPS is still working without white coax.

alex - 回复

The microphone on my p30 pro isn't work, was wondering if the microphone is one the same part as the sim card board?

biggie562 - 回复

The microphone is the part I circled on this image.

Arthur Shi -

Thank you soo much!

biggie562 -

I replaced the screen of my p30 pro but when i receive a call i hear the caller very weak.is it necessary to glue the speaker to the screen?is that the problem?

sai b - 回复

Did the new screen come with the counterpart for the structure-borne driver already installed (it’s the part marked L2a 931 in this picture. If not you need to transfer and glue it firmly into place on the new display.

Also, make sure there is no debris between this part and the actual structure-borne driver that could affect the sound ( the driver is the part in the bottom of the same picture).

Tobias Isakeit -

Dear ifixit Team,

After switching to a new display, my wi-fi connection is a little weaker than before, but especially the bluetooth range has decreased very much, only half a meter guarantees a fluent music transmission. Do you know what antenna or cable might be the reason for this and what should I purchase to try to fix it? Would appreciate any hint!

okan.koepruelue - 回复

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